稿件编号:20100511
刘萍,曹玉昆.美国国有林经营及对中国的启示[J].世界林业研究,2010,23(5):49~52
美国国有林经营及对中国的启示
National Forest Management in the USA and its Implications to China
投稿时间:2009-11-26  
DOI:
中文关键词:  美国  国有林经营  多用途持续高产法  森林和牧场可再生资源规划法  国有林经营法
英文关键词:USA  national forest management  Multiple-use Sustained-yield Act  Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act  National Forest Management Act
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(70773018);中国博士后科学基金(520-415107);黑龙江省教育厅项目(11552019)
作者单位
刘萍 东北农业大学经济管理学院, 哈尔滨150040 
曹玉昆 东北林业大学经济管理学院, 哈尔滨150030 
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中文摘要:
      在介绍美国国有林经营政策的基础上,针对中国国有林经营现状,提出应借鉴的经验:减轻税费负担,加强营造林基础;提高林业科技水平,发展高效林业;构建国有林资源法制化管理体系;重视跨部门跨学科的交流和合作;采用生态系统管理方法,开发和保护并重。
英文摘要:
      The paper studied systematically the American national forest management policy and analyzed the existing operating conditions of national forests in China.It provided a series of helpful proposals for Chinese national forest management such as removing the heavy burdens of national forest taxes to enhance forest management and establishment;improving the level of forestry science and technology to develop efficient forestry;building a law-based national forest resources management system;emphasizing on cross-departmental and interdisciplinary exchange and cooperation;adopting ecosystem management method to develop forest economy and achieve the harmony between man and forests,and ensuring the rational management and sustainable development of national forest.
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