稿件编号:20180407
景雄,蔡春菊,范少辉,刘广路,李兴军.环境胁迫下竹类植物生态适应性研究进展[J].世界林业研究,2018,31(4):36~41
环境胁迫下竹类植物生态适应性研究进展
Research Advances in Ecological Adaptability of Bamboo Under Environmental Stresses
投稿时间:2017-10-23  修订日期:2018-03-21
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2018.0018.y
中文关键词:  克隆植物  竹类植物  环境胁迫  生态适应性
英文关键词:clonal plant  bamboo plant  environmental stress  ecological adaptability
基金项目:国际竹藤中心学科平台项目“干旱胁迫对毛竹水分生理及其生产力影响的研究”(1632018008)。
作者单位E-mail
景雄 国际竹藤中心, 国家林业局竹藤科学与技术重点开放实验室, 北京 100102  
蔡春菊 国际竹藤中心, 国家林业局竹藤科学与技术重点开放实验室, 北京 100102 caicj@icbr.ac.cn 
范少辉 国际竹藤中心, 国家林业局竹藤科学与技术重点开放实验室, 北京 100102  
刘广路 国际竹藤中心, 国家林业局竹藤科学与技术重点开放实验室, 北京 100102  
李兴军 国际竹藤中心, 国家林业局竹藤科学与技术重点开放实验室, 北京 100102  
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中文摘要:
      克隆植物在生态系统中扮演着重要角色,兼有生理可塑性和生理整合的属性。竹类植物是克隆植物的一类重要资源。竹类植物生态适应性策略是竹林健康经营和可持续发展的重要基础,也是竹林对环境适应能力的重要体现。文中从克隆植物的生理整合及生理可塑性等方面对竹子在水分、温度、光照及土壤矿质元素等环境胁迫条件下的生态适应性研究进行综述,并从加强竹子生理整合特性与环境因子相互关系、抗性生理机制研究、"南竹北移"引种驯化等3个方面提出将来研究重点,以期为研究竹子应对异质环境胁迫、提高生态适应性和扩大竹子生长范围等提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Clonal plants play an important role in the ecosystem with their properties of physical plasticity and physiological integration. Bamboo is one of the important resources of clonal plants. The ecological adaptability strategy of bamboo clonal plants is not only the important basis of ecological healthy management and sustainable development of bamboo forests, but also the important indicator of bamboo forest's adaptability to environment. This paper reviewed the ecological adaptability of bamboo under environmental stress such as water, temperature, illumination and soil mineral elements in terms of physiological integration and physiological plasticity of clonal plants, and came up with the important research directions including strengthening the relationship between physiological integration characteristics and environmental factors of bamboo, physiological mechanism of resistance and introduction and domestication of bamboo species from southern area, with the purpose of providing references for addressing heterogeneous environment stress, improving the ecological adaptability and expanding the scope of the bamboo growth area.
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