稿件编号:20180415
徐乔,金天伟,沈文星.中国林药植物可持续发展策略探讨——基于生物多样性视角[J].世界林业研究,2018,31(4):81~85
中国林药植物可持续发展策略探讨——基于生物多样性视角
Discussion on Sustainable Development Strategy for Forest Medicinal Plants in China: A Review from A Biodiversity Perspective
投稿时间:2017-10-31  修订日期:2018-05-09
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2018.0019.y
中文关键词:  林药植物资源  生物多样性  可持续发展  中国
英文关键词:forest medicinal plant  biodiversity  sustainable development  China
基金项目:江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)。
作者单位E-mail
徐乔 南京林业大学, 南京 210037  
金天伟 湖北省林业调查规划院, 武汉 430223  
沈文星 南京林业大学, 南京 210037 swx@njfu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      生物多样性为人类提供了丰富的物质资源和生存环境,是人类社会可持续发展的重要属性。文中从物种多样性、生态系统多样性和遗传多样性3个维度分析我国林药植物的生物多样性,从林药植物物种数量递减、生存环境恶化以及野生近源物种减少3个方面探讨了林药植物可持续发展的制约因素,从药用植物栽培保护园、药用植物资源保护区、药用植物种质资源库等方面提出了我国林药植物资源可持续发展的策略,以期实现林药植物的可持续发展。
英文摘要:
      Biodiversity provides humans with abundant material resources and living environment, and is an important attribute of sustainable development of human society. The paper analyzed the biodiversity of forest medicinal plants from the aspects of species diversity, ecosystem diversity and genetic diversity, discussed the constraints to the sustainable development of forest medicinal plants in terms of the declining in the number of species, eco-environment deterioration, and reduction of wild relatives, and came up with the strategy for the sustainable development of forest medicinal plants, including establishment of medicinal plant cultivation and protection garden, protection area and germplasm resources bank. This study was aimed at achieving the goal of sustainable development of forest medicine plants.
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