稿件编号:20190605
陈磊,熊康宁,汤小朋.林草间作系统研究概况[J].世界林业研究,2019,32(6):25~30
林草间作系统研究概况
A Review of Forest-Grass Intercropping System
投稿时间:2019-03-23  修订日期:2019-07-01
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2019.0072.y
中文关键词:  林草间作  复合系统  效益分析  农林牧复合
英文关键词:forest-grass intercropping  compound system  benefit analysis  agriculture-forestry-husbandry system
基金项目:贵州省研究生教育创新计划项目"贵州省熊康宁喀斯特环境研究生导师工作室"(黔教研合GZS字[2016]04号);贵州省科技计划重大专项"石漠化防治生态衍生产业扶贫模式与技术示范"(黔科合平台人才[2017]5411号)。
作者单位E-mail
陈磊 贵州师范大学喀斯特研究院/国家石漠化防治工程技术研究中心, 贵阳 550001  
熊康宁 贵州师范大学喀斯特研究院/国家石漠化防治工程技术研究中心, 贵阳 550001 xiongkn@163.com 
汤小朋 贵州师范大学喀斯特研究院/国家石漠化防治工程技术研究中心, 贵阳 550001  
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中文摘要:
      林草间作经营在挖掘生物资源潜力、缓解农林争地、保护及修复生态系统、推进林农增产增收、石漠化及荒漠化综合治理等方面具有巨大优势。为达到土地及自然资源的最大化利用,节约林农生产经营成本,推进农、林、牧、副业的高效、和谐、健康发展,实现森林及草地生态系统生态、经济、社会效益的有机统一。文中阐述了在中国、亚洲、澳大利亚及新西兰、非洲、美洲、欧洲等地区林草间作的研究背景、内容、类型及特征,分析了林草间作对土壤性状、养分、含水量及固土保肥的作用,总结归纳林草间作对经济、生物多样性、微气候、林木及其产品的效益分析,提出林草间作未来深入研究探索的技术手段及方向,可为林草间作的应用推广及系统性、整体性和定量研究提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Forest-grass intercropping is of great potential advantages for tapping biological resources potential, alleviating the competition for land between agriculture and forestry, protecting and restoring the ecosystem, increasing the production and income of forest and agriculture, promoting the integrated control of rocky desertification and desertification, etc. In order to maximize the use of land and natural resources, save the cost of forestry/agriculture production and operation, promote the efficient, harmonious and healthy development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and sideline industries, and realize the ecological, economic and social benefits of forest and grassland ecosystems, this paper describes the background, content, types and characteristics of forest-grass intercropping in China, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Africa, America and Europe, analyzes the effects of forest-grass intercropping on soil properties, nutrients, water content and soil conservation, and finally summarizes the benefits of forest and grass intercropping in economic development, biodiversity, microclimate, and forest and their products. Based on the analyses, the technical approaches and future development direction fields for the future in-depth research of forest-grass intercropping are proposed, which would provide references for the application and overreach of forest-grass intercropping and the systematic, holistic and quantitative study of forest-grass intercropping.
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