稿件编号:20140115
王锦,Dingying Tang,Guangyu Wang.中美林业发展与林业高等教育联动关系比较与启示[J].世界林业研究,2014,27(1):82~88
中美林业发展与林业高等教育联动关系比较与启示
Comparison and Revelation on Correlations of Forestry Development with Forestry Higher Education between China and USA
投稿时间:2013-03-18  修订日期:2013-11-26
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2014.01.015
中文关键词:  林业发展  林业教育  高等教育  联动关系  中国  美国
英文关键词:forestry development  forestry education  higher education  correlations  China  USA
基金项目:
作者单位
王锦 北京林业大学国际交流与合作处, 北京 100083 
Dingying Tang 加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚大学林学院, 温哥华 V6T 1Z4 
Guangyu Wang 加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚大学林学院, 温哥华 V6T 1Z4 
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中文摘要:
      世界各国林业发展与林业高等教育各具特色,两者互为联动。文中在分析中美两国相关林业数据和报告的基础上,比较了两国在不同发展阶段林业行业发展与林业高等教育的相互关系,以及两国林业高等教育尤其是林科专业本科阶段的发展状况;分析其规模变化的影响因素。分析认为,中美两国林业发展都经历了从产业型到公益型的发展阶段,而同期的林业高等教育发展阶段也呈现出相适应的变化,林业高等教育发展与同期的林业发展呈现出正相关关系。文中最后提出要以生态文明建设为导向,注重林业和林业高等教育的联动关系,使其相互促进和共同发展,为我国林业发展提供可靠保障。
英文摘要:
      The forestry development and the forestry higher education in each country have their own features, which are correlated with each other. Based on the analyses of the statistical data and reports of forestry and forestry higher education from China and the United States, the paper conducted a comparison on the correlations between forestry development and forestry higher education under different developmental stages between the two countries, and the development status of forestry higher education with a particular focus on the undergraduate education. It also analyzed the influencing factors inducing the changes. The analyses showed that the two countries have experienced the shifts of focus from industrialized development to ecological growth of forestry sector, and the forestry education at the same period has showed the corresponding changes in its development, which has been positively correlated with forestry development. Eventually, the authors deems that forestry development and forestry higher education should be geared to the concept of ecological civilization and stresses the correlations between them so that they could promote each other and provide reliable guarantees on Chinese forestry development.
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