稿件编号:20140315
吴肖梦,谢屹,卫望玺,王得印.挪威林业生物质能源产业发展现状与启示[J].世界林业研究,2014,27(3):77~81
挪威林业生物质能源产业发展现状与启示
Current Development Situation and Implication of Forest Bio-energy Industry in Norway
投稿时间:2013-08-09  修订日期:2014-05-15
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2014.03.013
中文关键词:  生物质能源  林业  环境保护  科学发展  挪威
英文关键词:bio-energy  forestry  environmental conservation  scientific development  Norway
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(RW2010-2,TD2012-09);国家自然科学基金项目(71003007)
作者单位E-mail
吴肖梦 北京林业大学经济管理学院, 北京 100083  
谢屹 北京林业大学经济管理学院, 北京 100083 xybjfu@126.com 
卫望玺 北京林业大学经济管理学院, 北京 100083  
王得印 吉林省林业勘察设计研究院, 长春 130021  
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中文摘要:
      挪威是欧洲重要的化石能源输出国,正在推动发展生物质能源产业。文中介绍挪威能源产业结构、化石能源与可再生能源比重、可再生能源发展战略,分析其推动发展生物质能源产业的环境保护要求与发展潜力2方面动因,总结挪威在制订发展战略、遵循可持续发展原则、设立项目发展机制、完善科研支撑体系等4个方面的经验,讨论林业生物质能源产业对环境和传统产业的影响及技术方面的不确定性等面临的3方面挑战,并从树立科学发展理念和确定科学发展行动2个层面提出对我国发展林业生物质能源产业的启示。
英文摘要:
      Norway, one of key fossil energy exporters in Europe, is now promoting development of bio-energy industry. This paper firstly presented energy industry structure, proportion of fossil energy and renewable energy, and development strategy for renewable energy. Then, it discussed Norwegian motivation in environmental protection and developmental potential to promote the development of forest bio-energy industry. After concluding Norwegian experiences in terms of formulating development strategy, following sustainable development principle, establishing project based development mechanism, and improving scientific support system, the paper analyzed the challenges faced by Norway's bio-energy industry including influences of environment and traditional forest industry as well as the uncertainties in technology. Finally,the inspirations that Norway's experiences on China's development of forest bio-energy industry were put forward from 2 levels, i.e., setting up the notion of scientific development and identifying scientific development actions.
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