稿件编号:20140512
陈绍志,白秀萍.日本林业防灾减灾政策支持体系及借鉴[J].世界林业研究,2014,27(5):67~74
日本林业防灾减灾政策支持体系及借鉴
Support System for Forestry-related Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Policy in Japan and Its Implications
投稿时间:2014-04-25  修订日期:2014-07-09
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2014.05.012
中文关键词:  林业灾害  防灾减灾政策  预算体系  日本
英文关键词:forestry disaster  disaster prevention and mitigation policy  budget system  Japan
基金项目:国家林业局"十二五"林业防灾救灾政策体系研究
作者单位
陈绍志 中国林业科学研究院林业科技信息研究所, 北京 100091 
白秀萍 中国林业科学研究院林业科技信息研究所, 北京 100091 
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中文摘要:
      我国是一个林业灾害多发、频发的国家,森林火灾、有害植物入侵、病虫鼠害、雨雪冰冻、洪水、滑坡、泥石流等各种灾害时有发生,给森林资源和林业产业造成巨大威胁。日本灾害预防和救治管理体系完善,经验值得借鉴。文中概述了日本防灾管理的法律体系和预算体系,重点阐述了日本林业防灾预算体系、重大灾害防治制度和重大灾害追加预算制度,针对我国林业防灾体系建设提出应完善法律体系和政策支持体系、建立林业灾害管理等级制度等建议。
英文摘要:
      China is subject to frequent forestry-related disasters, and various forestry-related disasters such as forest fires, exotic plant invasion, pests and diseases, rodents, snow and freezing weather, flooding, landslides, etc. have brought on huge threats to forest resources and forestry industry. Japan has a sound disaster prevention and mitigation system in place, which is worthwhile to learn. The paper introduced the legislation system and budget system for disaster prevention management, with the focus on budget system for forestry-related disaster prevention, prevention and mitigation system for significant forestry-related disasters and additional budget adding system for significant disaster prevention. Based on the need to build the forestry-related disaster prevention system in China, the authors proposed to improve legislative regime and policy support system and to establish the rating system for forestry-related disaster management.
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