稿件编号:20140613
李晓娟,崔亚宁.美国林业人才培养及启示[J].世界林业研究,2014,27(6):75~80
美国林业人才培养及启示
Forestry Education in the United States and Its Implication
投稿时间:2014-09-18  修订日期:2014-11-05
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2014.0010.y
中文关键词:  林业教育  卡耐基分类  林业人才  专业学位  认证  美国
英文关键词:forestry education  Carnegie classification  forestry talent  professional degree  certification  the United States
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31370212)
作者单位E-mail
李晓娟 北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院, 北京 100083 lixj@bjfu.edu.cn 
崔亚宁 北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院, 北京 100083  
摘要点击次数: 3098
全文下载次数: 2154
中文摘要:
      高层次林业人才培养是林业科学可持续发展的关键.美国高等林业教育在发展过程中积累了丰富的经验,形成了较完备的教育体系.然而最近几十年来,美国林业人才教育出现了一些值得关注的趋势,一是某些早期的林业人才项目宣告提前结束或主动放弃认证资格;二是研究型或具备博士学位授权的院校在逐渐收缩林业人才培养项目,而科研力量相对较弱的大学却在逐渐增加林业教育项目.文中简述美国林业人才培养概况,介绍美国林业人才培养项目的发展趋势,分析美国人才培养所面临的挑战并探讨美国涉林院校对林业人才培养模式的调整,提出我国林业人才教育培养的思考与启示.
英文摘要:
      High-level forestry talent education is the cornerstone of the sustainable and science-based forestry development. American higher forestry education has accumulated abundant experiences and formed a complete educational system. However, some notable tendencies have been emerging in recent decades in American forestry talent cultivation, including: (1) some old education programs for forestry talents have recently ended or given up their accreditation; (2) universities with a strong research/doctoral education have gradually cancelled forestry education programs while other universities and colleges with relatively weak research level has increased the number of forestry education programs. This paper overviewed the forestry talent education in the United States, introduced the development trend of forestry education programs, and analyzed the challenges faced. In addition, we analyzed how the forest-related universities and colleges adjust the forestry talent cultivation mode in the United States, in order to provide new insights into forestry talent education.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭