稿件编号:20150104
石金莲,卢春天.自然保护区旅游可持续发展评估研究现状及展望[J].世界林业研究,2015,28(1):18~22
自然保护区旅游可持续发展评估研究现状及展望
Evaluation on Sustainable Tourism Development in Nature Reserve:Current State and Prospect
投稿时间:2014-12-20  修订日期:2015-01-13
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.01.003
中文关键词:  旅游可持续发展  自然保护区  评估  展望
英文关键词:sustainable tourism development  nature reserve  evaluation  prospect
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31470518);北京市自然科学基金( 8122019);国家社会科学基金(13BSH027)
作者单位E-mail
石金莲 北京联合大学旅游学院, 北京100101  
卢春天 西安交通大学实证社会科学研究所, 西安710049 luchuntian@mail.xjtu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      通过收集国内外自然保护区旅游可持续发展评估的相关研究文献,从旅游可持续发展评估的指标维度、指标体系构建以及评价方法3个方面对其研究现状进行总结并展望其发展趋势。通过文献分析发现,旅游可持续发展评估指标维度构建研究进展较显著,评价维度大多集中在经济维度、社会维度和环境维度;国内研究者对指标体系的研究进行了一定的尝试,但目前尚无公认的评价体系,现有评价体系缺乏可靠的理论和技术支撑,缺乏可操作性;国外研究者对自然旅游地的旅游可持续发展评价指标取得了一些成果,可以选择性地借鉴;融合多学科,综合运用多种方法的评价较为全面可行。在此基础上提出了未来亟需深入研究的3个方面,即注重指标体系构建的科学性研究、加强环境维度指标的可测量研究和探索对全球自然保护地旅游可持续发展的评估研究。
英文摘要:
      The research on sustainable tourism development (STD) were summarized and prospected in terms of indicator dimensions, indicators system setup and evaluation methods by reviewing relevant literatures regarding STD evaluation both at home and abroad. It was found that the research on STD evaluation indicator dimension has progressed substantially and the evaluation dimension mainly focuses on social dimension, economic dimension, and environmental dimension. Although some attempts made by scientists in China on indicator system, there is no universally accepted system of indicators due to lack of reliable theoretical basis and technical support. Researchers abroad made some achievements in the STD evaluation indicator for protected area, which can be learned based on the situation in China. Besides, the integrative use of multiple evaluation methods by integrating multiple disciplines could be operable. Finally, the paper outlined three immediate priorities for future research: building scientific indicator system, establishing the standard of measurable indicators in environmental dimension, and attempting to evaluate the entire sustainable tourism development in protected area from global perspectives.
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