稿件编号:20150105
郑永贤,张智光.森林旅游景区生态安全影响因素的IRDS模型研究——基于扎根理论[J].世界林业研究,2015,28(1):23~30
森林旅游景区生态安全影响因素的IRDS模型研究——基于扎根理论
Research on IRDS Model of Influencing Factors to Ecological Security of Forest Scenic Spot Based on  Grounded Theory
投稿时间:2014-10-09  修订日期:2015-01-04
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.01.004
中文关键词:  扎根理论  森林旅游景区  生态安全  影响因素  IRDS模型
英文关键词:grounded theory  forest scenic spot  ecological security  influencing factor  IRDS model
基金项目:国家自然科学基金基于生态-产业共生关系的林业生态安全测度研究(71173107);教育部高等学校博士点基金博导类课题生态与产业共生视角的林业生态安全测度理论与方法研究(20113204110005);国家林业局软科学研究项目我国林业实施绿色经济的多层次测度体系与管理机制研究(2013-R07);江苏省教育厅高校哲学社会科学基金指导项目森林旅游业发展对景区生态安全影响研究:以江苏省为例(2013SJD630062);扬州大学校人文社科研究基金碎片化时代的旅游风景区生态安全发展研究(206510608)
作者单位E-mail
郑永贤 南京林业大学经济管理学院, 南京210037
扬州大学旅游烹饪学院, 江苏扬州225009 
 
张智光 南京林业大学经济管理学院, 南京210037 zzg@njfu.com.cn 
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中文摘要:
      运用探索性研究工具,分析森林旅游景区生态安全影响因素及其关系;借助经典扎根理论,建立森林旅游景区生态安全影响因素分析的总体框架;采用开放式访谈与多种类型研究资料,经过概念化、范畴化等多重编码,归纳出森林旅游景区生态安全影响因素的10个主范畴和35个范畴;在此基础上,根据上述范畴在原始资料中所呈现出的内在逻辑关系,构建了由制度环境(I)、监管与建设行为(R)、干扰活动(D)、安全状态(S)4个范畴模块构成的森林旅游景区生态安全影响因素的IRDS模型,并分析景区生态安全的影响因素模块(I,R,D)对其安全状态模块S的作用机理;最后,探讨了IRDS模型作为森林旅游景区生态安全研究的理论框架,在彰显影响主体间角色关系,强化风险源与状态、响应间关系,以及提升不同尺度下研究结果普适性等方面的优势。
英文摘要:
      The purpose of this paper was to create a substantive theory explaining influencing factors to ecological security in forest scenic spots and their relationships. By using classic grounded theory, the paper established the overall analysis framework of influencing factors to ecological security. The research process used various types of materials, including open-ended interviews to conclude 10 main categories and 35 categories after a series of steps like conceptualization, categorization and theory codlings. On that basis, by integrating internal logics of these categories presented in original research materials, a IRDS model interpreting the interactions among influencing factors to the ecological security of forest scenic spot was built, containing 4 category modules, i.e., Institutional Environment (I), Regulatory and Construction Acts (R), Disturbing Activation (D), and Security State (S). Then, the mechanism of effects that influencing factors of I, R, D imposed on the security sate factor of S, was analyzed. Its theoretical advantages were explored in highlighting roles of relationships within different main parts, strengthening links among sources of risk, state and response, and enhancing the universality of results at various scales in the research on ecological security of forest scenic spots.
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