稿件编号:20150309
潘洁,廖振峰,张衡,顾晓丽,王胜.基于高光谱数据与网络GIS应用的森林病虫害监测系统研究[J].世界林业研究,2015,28(3):47~52
基于高光谱数据与网络GIS应用的森林病虫害监测系统研究
Hyperspectral Data and WebGIS Based Monitoring System for Forest Pests and Diseases
投稿时间:2014-08-28  修订日期:2015-02-13
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.0009.y
中文关键词:  森林病虫害  监测系统  高光谱数据  预测模型  WebGIS
英文关键词:forest diseases and pests  monitoring system  hyperspectral data  prediction model  WebGIS
基金项目:国家自然科学青年基金基于高光谱数据的松材线虫病早期监测方法研究(31100414);国家自然科学青年基金基于近地面高光谱影像特征与物联网架构的松材线虫病早期智能监测研究(31470579);江苏省高校自然科学研究面上项目马尾松高光谱早期监测方法研究(11KJB220001);江苏省高校优势学科建设工程资助项目
作者单位
潘洁 南京林业大学林学院, 南京 210037 
廖振峰 南京林业大学林学院, 南京 210037 
张衡 南京林业大学林学院, 南京 210037 
顾晓丽 南京林业大学林学院, 南京 210037 
王胜 南京林业大学林学院, 南京 210037 
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中文摘要:
      基于高光谱数据的森林病虫害监测系统能够实现不同类型森林病虫害的模拟试验与分析评价,辅助用户进行森林病虫害诊断评估与管理决策.本研究基于森林病虫害高光谱预测模型(以松树松材线虫病为例),选用B/S结构的开发模式,构建3层系统架构选择ArcGIS APIs for Javascript为WebGIS的开发技术,研制建成了一个具有较强普适性、准确性和易操作性的网络服务端森林病虫害监测系统,可以实现不同条件下森林病虫害发生发展动态的在线高光谱模拟预测,从而进行森林病虫害实时远程诊断预测,并生成适宜的管理信息方案.文中着重介绍了系统的组织结构与内容、系统的主要功能与实现原理、系统的程序设计与开发过程,对系统的特点进行了总结与概括,并展示了应用实例.
英文摘要:
      The hyperspectral data based monitoring system for forest pests and diseases can realize different simulation experiments and analysis evaluation on different types of forest pests and diseases, and assist users to have diagnosis evaluation of forest pests and diseases and make decisions on how to control. In this study, based on hyperspectral prediction models (taking pine wilt disease monitoring model as an example), B/S (Browser/Server) structure developing model was chosen to set up a three-level system architecture, and the ArcGIS APIs for Javascript technology was chosen to develop WebGIS components. A WebGIS-based monitoring system with good universality, veracity and handleability was established to realize the on-line hyperspectral simulation prediction of the dynamic development of forest pests and diseases in different conditions, so as to conduct real-time distance diagnosis and prediction of forest pests and diseases and generate suitable management strategies. The paper presented the structure and content, main function and technical principles, programming design and operation properties of the system, concluded and summarized the feature of the system, and showcased the examples of its application.
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