稿件编号:20150508
沈兴兴,曾贤刚.世界自然保护地治理模式发展趋势及启示[J].世界林业研究,2015,28(5):44~49
世界自然保护地治理模式发展趋势及启示
Development Trend of Worldwide Protected Areas Governance Models and Their Implications
投稿时间:2014-09-16  修订日期:2015-03-07
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.0023.y
中文关键词:  自然保护地  治理模式  自然保护区
英文关键词:protected area  governance model  nature reserve
基金项目:国家社会科学研究基金重大项目生态产品的供给机制与制度创新研究(13&ZD045)第一作者和
作者单位E-mail
沈兴兴 中国人民大学环境学院, 北京 100872 xingxinghenry@126.com 
曾贤刚 中国人民大学环境学院, 北京 100872  
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中文摘要:
      自然保护地的治理模式对于保护地保护目标的实现具有关键作用,改善治理可以帮助保护区实现生态、社会、经济和文化效益的最大化。文中介绍了国际上自然保护地治理模式的类型、应用现状并总结了未来的发展趋势;在此基础上结合我国自然保护区的管理问题及我国当前国情分析,笔者认为当前我国自然保护区的治理模式应适当创新,逐步引入政府委托第三方治理、联合治理模式,现阶段形成以政府直接治理为主、其他治理模式为辅的多种治理模式并存局面。
英文摘要:
      The governance model of Protected Areas(PAs) is critical for achieving conservation objectives of PAs, and improving governance is helpful to maximize the ecological, social, economical and cultural benefits. The types of governance models and their application worldwide were introduced and the future development trend was also summarized in this paper. On this basis, after the management of nature reserves and national condition of China were analyzed, the authors suggested that innovative governance models should be stepwise introduced into nature reserve management in China, e.g., the government-delegated management model, collaborative governance model. At the present stage, the government-delegated management model will be the dominant one with other governance models as the alternative ones.
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