稿件编号:20150515
占君慧,朱永杰,谷瑶.德国森林功能理论的演变与启示[J].世界林业研究,2015,28(5):87~92
德国森林功能理论的演变与启示
Doctrine of Forest Function in Germany:Evolution and Revelation
投稿时间:2015-01-24  修订日期:2015-04-14
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.05.008
中文关键词:  森林功能  多功能林业  森林经营  林业效益  德国
英文关键词:forest function  multi-functional forestry  forest management  forestry benefit  Germany
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
占君慧 北京林业大学, 北京 100083  
朱永杰 北京林业大学, 北京 100083 wildcrane10@163.com 
谷瑶 北京林业大学, 北京 100083
广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院, 南宁 530002 
 
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中文摘要:
      森林功能理论最早应用于19世纪初的德国森林科学中,其理论演变在德国的林业发展中具有重要地位。文中从森林功能的初认识阶段、再认识阶段、多功能理论阶段及多功能林业的应用阶段对德国森林功能理论演变进行了分析,并从创新林业经营管理理念、加大公共财政扶持力度、促进科技支撑林业发展、创新林业管理机制体制和开展全民森林教育等方面探讨了其对林业的5点主要启示,对于我国多功能林业建设具有一定的参考作用。
英文摘要:
      Forest function was first used in German forestry scientific research since the early 19th century, and its evolution has been playing a very important role in Germany. This paper studied the evolution of the doctrine of forest function from the initial understanding stage of forest function, the further understanding stage of forest function, the forest multi-function doctrine stage and the application stage of multi-functional forestry. And the revelations from 5 aspects, i.e., innovating forestry management concept, strengthening public financial support, promoting the technology to support the development of forestry, exploring the mode of forestry operation and management and developing national forestry education, were discussed, which would provide certain reference to guide multi-functional forestry in China.
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