稿件编号:20150613
高旭.《淮南子》与《管子》林业思想同异论[J].世界林业研究,2015,28(6):69~75
《淮南子》与《管子》林业思想同异论
Similarities and Differences of Forestry Ideology Between Huainanzi and Guanzi
投稿时间:2015-03-17  修订日期:2015-09-15
DOI:10.13348/j.cnki.sjlyyj.2015.06.009
中文关键词:  《淮南子》  《管子》  "三才"理论  道家  自然主义  功利主义  林业思想
英文关键词:Huainanzi  Guanzi  the organic unity theory  Taoism  Naturalism  Utilitarianism  forestry ideology
基金项目:安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目《淮南子》中的礼乐文化研究(AHSKY2014D126);2015年安徽省高校人文社科研究重点项目《淮南子》与汉代黄老思想之嬗变研究(SK2015A326)
作者单位
高旭 安徽理工大学楚淮文化研究中心, 安徽淮南 232001 
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中文摘要:
      《淮南子》与《管子》都蕴含丰富深刻的林业思想,二者在理论上既存在共识之处,也有着各自的特点。《淮南子》与《管子》都体现出"爱林""护林""植林""用林"等思想内容,对山林资源与人类社会发展的密切关联进行了多方面的阐发。作为不同时代与地域文化的代表著作,《淮南子》在林业思想上注重包括森林在内的自然系统与人类社会的整体和谐,更能突出道家自然主义的精神内涵;《管子》则受齐法家和轻重派的影响,重视对山林资源国家化的有效管理以及市场化的开发利用,也更能体现功利主义的现实诉求。《管子》对《淮南子》林业思想具有深刻影响,其内含的天时、地利与人力有机统一的"三才"理论得到后者的积极历史承继与发扬。
英文摘要:
      Both Huainanzi and Guanzi are embedded with rich and profound thoughts on forestry while they share the common points in theory but possess their own features. Similarly, the both emphasize the thoughts on love of forest, protection of forest, afforestation and forest utilization with many discussion on the close linkage between forest resources and human social development. As the representative works in different times and regional culture, Huainanzi pays attention to the integrative harmony between human society and the natural system including forestry, which highlights the Taoist spiritual connotation of naturalism; while Guanzi, affected by legalism, puts emphasis on the effective nationallized management of forest resources as well as its market development and utilization, which more reflects the utilitarian demands. Guanzi has profound influences on Huainanzi in that it stresses on the organic unity of favourable weather, geographical position and human beings. The latter inherits the theory and positively carries the theory forward.
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